Trampoline Injury Facts
What You Should Know About Trampolines
Using a trampoline is promoted as fun. But the growing
popularity of trampolines among 8-year-olds to adults is resulting in a dramatic increase
in serious injuries - including broken necks, spinal cord injuries, and disabling head
traumas, many of which result in permanent paralysis as well as death. In addition,
trampolines are responsible for many less serious injuries such as broken bones, including
legs, arms, and other parts of the body, as well as different types of dislocations and
If You Know Someone Who Has Been Injured
Trampoline Injury Facts
- According to the American Association of Orthopedic
Surgeons (AAOS), 246,875 medically treated trampoline injuries occur annually in the U.S.
Of this total, 186,405 of these injuries occurred among children aged 14 or younger.
- According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
(CPSC) hospital emergency room-treated trampoline injuries almost tripled in the last
decade - from an estimated 37,500 in 1991 to almost 100,000 in 1999.
- The commission has received reports of 11 deaths relating
to trampoline use from 1990 to 1999. Those victims ranged in age from 3 to 43. Six were
between the ages of 12 and 19.
- Falls off the trampoline often resulted in crippling
injury and/or death including paralysis from spinal cord injury. Somersaults and coming
into contact with other persons on the trampoline's surface likewise resulted in many
serious and crippling injuries as well as death.
- Nearly two-thirds of trampoline injury victims were
children 6 to 14 years of age.
- About 15% of trampoline injuries involved young children
under 6 years old.
- In 1999, injuries to the leg/foot were reported most
frequently, accounting for 40% of the total. Injuries to the arm/hand accounted for 29% of
the total, head/face/neck accounted for 20%, and shoulder/trunk were associated 10% of the
- Approximately 4% of all trampoline emergency-room treated
injuries result in hospitalization.
- Most trips to the emergency room are the result of
jumpers colliding with one another, falling on the trampoline springs or frame, falling or
jumping off the trampoline, or attempting somersaults and stunts.
Trampoline Safety Tips
- Trampolines should not be used except when there is
adequately trained supervision for the recreational activity.
- Trampolines should only be used in well-lighted areas and
children should never be allowed to jump onto the trampoline from high objects.
- A surrounding net may decrease the injury rate but this
has not been extensively proven yet. There is netting now available around the perimeter
of trampolines. This netting has been shown to reduce the number of injuries from falls
off the trampoline but should only be used with the following warnings: 1) Netting is not a
substitute for adequate adult supervision; 2) Netting will not reduce nor eliminate
crippling injuries and death on the surface of the trampoline itself. It has been shown to
retain users in the trampoline area and for that reason alone is recommended.
- The trampoline jumping surface should be placed at ground
- The supporting bars, strings and surrounding landing
surfaces should have adequate protective padding.
- Only one participant should use a trampoline at any time.
- Trained spotters should be present when participants are
- Somersaults or high-risk maneuvers should be avoided
without proper supervision and instruction; these maneuvers should be done only with
proper use of protective equipment, such as a harness.
- Use of trampolines for physical education, competitive
gymnastics, diving training and other similar activities requires carefully trained adult
supervision and proper safety measures.
- Competent adult supervision and instruction is needed for
children at all times.
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